Line charts Vocabulary, IELTS Writing Best Vocabulary 1

Line charts Vocabulary – IELTS Writing

Article vocabulary

Line charts Vocabulary – IELTS Writing

In IELTS writing test, candidates need to assess four things:

  1. Task achievement
  2. Coherence and cohesion
  3. Lexical resources
  4. Grammatical range and accuracy

Structure

The structure to write task 1 is very simple which contains paragraphs. Candidates use different structure if they like, but this one has been proven to be successful and approved by IELTS examiners.

Paragraph1 (introduction)

Sentence 1: paraphrase question

Paragraph 2 (overview)

Sentence1: overview of first main feature

Sentence 2: overview of second main feature

Sentence 3 makes general comparison, if appropriate

Paragraph: 3 (details of significant feature 1)

Sentence 1- supporting details

Sentence 2 – supporting details

Sentence 3- supporting details/ comparison details if appropriate.

Paragraph 4- details of significant feature 2

Sentence 1 – supporting details

Sentence 2 – supporting details

Sentence 3- supporting details/ comparison details, if appropriate

All the task 1 questions can be classified into the following:

  1. Line chart
  2. Bar graph
  3. Table chart
  4. Pie chart
  5. Map
  6. Process diagram
  7. Multiple pie charts/graph

Line charts Vocabulary

Line charts Vocabulary, IELTS Writing Best Vocabulary 1

Line charts Vocabulary, IELTS Writing

Possible verbs: upward trend

  • Rise
  • Jump
  • Grow
  • Climb
  • Increase
  • Rocket

Downward Trend

  • Fall
  • Drop
  • Decline
  • Decrease
  • Go down
  • Plummet
  • Plunge

There are two main grammatical structures candidates can use to describe trends.

  1. There + be+ adjective + noun+ in + noun phrases

Example: 

(a) there is/was a gradual rise in the price of oil

(b) There has /had been a sharp drop in the price of oil.

Possible adjectives:

  • Gradual
  • Moderate
  • Modest
  • Sharp
  • Dramatic
  • Slight
  • Steep
  • Steady
  • Significant
  • Considerable
  • Rapid

2. Noun phrase+ verb+ adverb

Example: in past tense

  • The price of oil rose gradually
  • The price of oil has been risen dramatically

Possible adverbs:

  • Gradually
  • Moderately
  • Modestly
  • Sharply
  • Dramatically
  • Slightly
  • Steadily
  • Significantly
  • Considerably
  • Rapidly
  • Slowly

Possible nouns:

  •  Variation
  • Decline
  • Decrease
  • Dip
  • Drop
  • Fall
  • Peak
  • Fluctuation
  • Growth
  • Increase
  • Rise
  • Slump

No change 

  • Remained stable
  • Leveled off
  • Stabilized
  • Remained the same

Other vocabulary

  • Fluctuate
  • Dip/ a dip
  • Remain steady
  • Remain stable
  • Peak at
  • Reach a peak of
  • Hit a high of
  • Bottom out
  • plateau

Adverbs for small change
Slightly, slowly, minimally
adverbs for medium change moderately, modesty
Adverbs for large change
Sharply, rapidly, dramatically, significantly,    gradually, slowly,   considerably, substantially
adverbs for describing speed of change rapidly, quickly, swiftly, suddenly, steadily,
Describing increases and decreases
When describing any of the charts in IELTS writing task 1, candidates might have to describe increases and decreases.
 

There are three main ways to describe increases and decreases.

1. Noun phrase+ verb+ adverb

Example: in past tense

  • The price of property fell sharply
  • The percentage of homes dropped dramatically.

2. There+ be+ noun+ in+ noun phrase.

Example

  • There had been an increase in the cost of coffee.
  • There was fall in literacy levels.

3. Using fractions

Example

  • The price of oil halved in less than a year.
  • The price of oil has halved since July.
  • By July, the price of oil has halved

Making comparisons:

IELTS writing academic task 1 often requires candidates to make comparisons between data sources, groups and times.

Here are five grammatical structures to make comparisons.

  1. More/few/less+ first noun+ than+ second noun

Example: overall, more people preferred public transport than taxies.

2. Of one syllable (-er) + than + second noun

Example: a higher number of people preferred public transport than taxies.

3. More/less + adj of more than one syllable+ than + second noun

Example: taxies were more popular than public transport

4. Of one syllable (est.)

Example: the highest % of commuters preferred taxies.

5. The most/ least + adj of more than one syllable

Example: the least popular mode of transport was buses.

Time Phrases:

  • Over the next three days.
  • Three days later
  • In the following three days
  • The next three days show
  • Over the period
  • From….. To……
  • Between…….. And……..
  • The last year
  • The first year
  • The final year
  • At the beginning of the period
  • At the end of the period.
Starting    Presentation                                                              Verb
The given TYPE    Shows
The supplied  DIAGRAM Represents
Presented TABLE/FIGURE                                                             Depicts
The shown ILLUSTRATION  illustrates
The Provided                                                                 Provides
Contrast
Indicates

Comparison words

  • To compare
  • Than
  • As compared to
  • In comparison with
  • As opposed to
  • More than
  • The majority of
  • Only small majority
  • Greater than
  • Less than

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