BEST IELTS General Reading Test 23

BEST IELTS General Reading Test 23

GENERAL READING TEST – PASSAGE – 2

BEST IELTS General Reading Test 23
BEST IELTS General Reading Test 23

GENERAL READING TEST 23

READING PASSAGE – 2

Questions 15-21

The text has seven sections, A-G. Choose the correct heading for each section from the list of headings below. Write the correct number, i-x, in boxes 15-21 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i. Money can buy happiness

ii. It’s what is inside, that counts more

iii. Recipients of gifts are rarely grateful

iv. A familiar feeling

v. Practicality is the key

vi. It is better to give than to receive

vii. Romance need not come at a price

viii. Present-giving has become more challenging

ix. Recipients value inexpensive gifts and pricey gadgets alike

x. Don’t waste time and energy

15. Section A………………………………

16. Section B………………………………

17. Section C……………………………….

18. Section D……………………………….

19. Section E……………………………….

20. Section F……………………………….

21. Section G……………………………….

The Art of Gift-Giving

A………………………………..Anticipation builds, the wrapping paper is ripped off in happy expectation…..And then, our enthusiasm takes a down-turn as we extricate a jokey Christmas pullover, a pair of woolen socks or a knitted tea-cosy. Yes, we have all been there. However, recent scientific research on how to give the ideal gift could be set on change all that.

B……………………………….Yale researcher Novemsky, claims to have singled out the factor that determines if a gift will be well received or not. Perceived ease of use is apparently paramount in the eyes of the recipient. A non-user-friendly gift will therefore lead to disappointment, however expensive the actual gift might have been.

C…………………………………Another tip for successful gift-giving is to avoid giving unsolicited presents. We often try to second-guess the would-be recipient’s taste, believing our personal effort will be appreciated. But this invariably results in disappointment for the recipient of the gift. Far better a gift that has actually been explicity requested by the recipient than one chosen by the giver, according to a study conducted by researchers Francis Flynn and Francesca Gina (Journal of Experimental and Social Psychology 2011). So, best to save fruitless hours spent trawling the internet for gifts or pounding the high streets in vain and just be direct: ask the recipient what they want, then give it to them; simple as that!

D………………………………..A further tip which flies in the face of conventional thinking with regard to present-giving, is to err on the side of frugality. In accordance with a 2014 study by Flynn and Gabriella Adams, the receiver’s happiness was not found to be directly proportional to the money spent on a gift. In the study, recipients were given cheaper and more expensive versions of a variety of items; ranging from an iPad to jewellery, wine and books. In all case, the costlier gift was not valued more than the cheaper option. The thought, therefore, really does count.

E…………………………………An interesting extension to this study, is that this finding holds true for one of the most expensive and status-conscious gifts: that engagement ring. Whilst diamonds may be a girl’s best friend, as the saying goes, they do not necessarily have to be top-to-the-range to win a girl’s heart. Cheaper alternatives are just as valued as their costlier counterparts.

F…………………………………..If you have successfully negotiated the mine-field of present-buying, the you still aren’t home and dry yet. Another hurdle has yet to be overcome: present wrapping. Failure to appropriately wrap a present can undo all the effort you have put into buying the gift so far. A perfectly wrapped present is always more welcome than a hastily wrapped one; unless the gift is markedly less attractive than its outward wrapping, as found by Novemsky and Yelo colleague, Ravi Dhar, since this creates a dissonance between the anticipated and real worth of a gift.

G…………………………………..Should all the above advise seem bewildering, then never fear. According to the 2011 study by Flynn and Francesca Gina, gift recipients are more than happy to receive cash in place of an actual gift.

Read the text below and Answer Questions 22-28

A. Those who have not entertained the idea that research into family ancestry might reveal a blue-blooded relative or historical celebrity must be few and far between. Most of us are intrigued with our origins and if genealogical research turns up a famous family member on the way, then so much the better.

B. Accordingly, there is a plethora of genealogy websites ready to be accessed on the internet, to satiate the curiosity of those so inclined. Just type in the name of one of your ancestors into a search engine and you will be immediately inundated with genealogy sites. Whilst some sited may be free, others will be on a pay-as-you-go or subscription basis. Often the sheer number of websites can initially overwhelm the would-be genealogist.

C. So by what criteria do you select a website to aid your research into your family tree? Whilst free websites may seem the most attractive option, they may not adequately meet your needs. A fee-paying website, however, might provide access to a wider range of resources, such as birth and death certificates, or at least indexes to the certificates, as well as census returns. Such resources and access to them are fundamental to your research.

D. When you access certificates, try to ensure that they are a digitized from of the original copy, since transcripts are usually poor substitutes for the original. Whenever possible, opt for the copies of the original thereby obviating the possibility of human error in copied or miscopied transcripts.

E. Having obtained or accessed, at least, essential documents, you can then proceed to more specialized websites providing military or employment information. Before paying for access to such sites first establish if the site contains the records you are seeking. You shouldn’t have to pay access to the site to do so.

F. Ideally, find out if there is a contact name or address for whoever is responsible for the site. A specialist on hand to answer more detailed queries is always a bonus.

G. Finally, if websites fail to uncover the information you are seeking you can always try good old-fashioned archives. Not all information is available on websites, so, sooner or later you will probably find yourself doing research in an archive, anyway. Hopefully, a combination of websites and archives will deliver the information you require and uncover a fascinating heritage to boot.

Questions 22 and 23

Complete the sentence below. Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 22 and 23 on your answer sheet.

22. There is such a wealth of genealogy sites available online, that at times you may feel……………………………….information.

23. It is preferable to…………………………………………..in their original rather than transcripted form.

Questions 24-28

Complete the information-chart below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 24-28 on your answer sheet.

Many people are curious to find out about their family tree. Follow these steps to ensure you access the information you require.

First, enter the name of a family ancestor into 24…………………………………….

Next, choose a website that will 25…………………………….providing sufficient information on your family tree.

When accessing a document from your chosen website, avoid 26……………………………whenever possible, favouring instead the original version.

Once you have done the essential groundwork to obtain necessary documents to continue your search, you require access to more 27…………………………….. . This may require a financial outlay.

Finally, if your research still fails to turn up the information you require, then it is best to resort to 28………………………………………, as a back-up.

ANSWER KEY:-

15. iv

16. v

17. x

18. ix

19. vii

20. ii

21. i

22. inundated with

23. access certificates

24. a search engine

25. meet your needs

26. transcripts

27. specialized websites

28. (good old-fashioned) archives

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